Foglia, V. & M.D. Rutherford. (2023). A category contingent aftereffect for faces labelled with different religious affiliation is seen 7 days after adaptation. Perception. DOI:  10.1177/03010066231100880.

Siddiqui, H. & M.D. Rutherford (2023). Belief that addiction is a discrete category is a stronger correlate with stigma than the belief that addiction is biologically based. Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention and Policy.

Foglia, V., & Rutherford, M. D. (2022). Opposing Aftereffects between a White Male Face Set and a Diverse Face Set. SSRN Electronic Journal.

Foglia, V., Zhang, H., Walsh, J. A., & Rutherford, M. D. (2022). The development of template-based facial expression perception from 6 to 15 years of age. Developmental Psychology, 58(1), 96–111.

Foglia, V., Siddiqui, H., Khan, Z., Liang, S., & Rutherford, M. D. (2021). Distinct Biological Motion Perception in Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Meta-Analysis. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders.

Foglia, V., & Rutherford, M. D. (2021). Opposing aftereffects are still measurable after a one-week delay. Journal of Vision21(9), 2094.

Siddiqui, H., & Rutherford, M. D. (2021). “Go Faster!”: Adults’ Essentialist Representation of Gender and National Identity, but Not Race, Is Revealed by Cognitive Demand. Journal of Cognition and Development, 1–20.

Foglia, V., Mueller, A., & Rutherford, M. D. (2021). An explicit religious label impacts visual adaptation to Christian and Muslim faces. Religion, Brain & Behavior, 11(3), 261–280.

Hirshkowitz, A., & Rutherford, M. D. (2021). Longer looking to agent with false belief at 7 but not 6 months of age. Infant and Child Development30(5).

Hofrichter, R., Mueller, M. E., & Rutherford, M. D. (2021). Children’s Perception of Animacy: Social Attributions to Moving Figures. Perception50(5), 387–398.

Hofrichter, R., Siddiqui, H., Morrisey, M. N., & Rutherford, M. D. (2021). Early Attention to Animacy: Change-Detection in 11-Month-Olds. Evolutionary Psychology19(2), 147470492110282.

Foglia, V., & Rutherford, M. D. (2020). Opposing Aftereffects across a Caucasian Male face set and a face set that was diverse by gender and ethnicity. Journal of Vision20(11), 252.

Rutherford, M. D., & Foglia, V. (2020). Face Aftereffect formation is influenced by the diversity of the training set. Journal of Vision20(11), 251.

Lee, V., da Silva, N., & Rutherford, M. D. (2020). Toddlers Categorically Perceive Emotional Facial Expressions Along a Happy–Sad Continuum. Perception49(8), 822–834.

Rutherford, M. D., & Anderson, M. v. (2020). Changes in intelligence across pregnancy and the postpartum period. Human Ethology, 35(1), 91–105.

Siddiqui, H., Cimpian, A., & Rutherford, M. D. (2020). Canadian children’s concepts of national groups: A comparison with children from the United States. Developmental Psychology56(11), 2102–2109.

Rutherford, M. D. (2020). The trouble with textbooks is the monetization of science. Human Ethology35(1), 49–52.

Rutherford, M. D., Trivedi, N., Bennett, P. J., & Sekuler, A. B. (2020). Weak Central Coherence Contributes to Social Perceptual Deficits in autism. Journal of Autism7(1), 2.

Hofrichter, R. M., & Rutherford, M. D. (2019). Sexualization leads to the visual processing of bodies as objects. Journal of Vision19(10), 58b.

Foglia, V., & Rutherford, M. D. (2019). Religious-Contingent Aftereffects for Christian and Muslim Faces. Journal of Vision19(10), 155b.

Marcus N. Morrisey, Ruth Hofrichter & M.D. Rutherford (2019) Human faces capture attention and attract first saccades without longer fixation. Visual Cognition. 27(2): 158–170.

M.D. Rutherford (2019). Developmental Psychology: An Evolutionary Perspective, 4th editionExelixi Press. ISBN: 978-1-927565-23-0.

Ruth Hofrichter & M.D. Rutherford (2019). Early Attentional Capture of Animate Motion: 4-Year-Olds Show a Pop-Out Effect for Chasing Stimuli Perception. 38(3): 228-236.

Kristie L. Poole, Zahra Khalesi, M.D. Rutherford, Anna Swain, Jennifer N. Mullen, Geoffrey B. Hall, & Louis A. Schmidt (2019). Personality and opponent processes: Shyness, sociability, and visual afterimages to emotion. Emotion.

Vivian Lee & M.D. Rutherford (2018). Sixteen-month-old Infants Are Sensitive to Competence in Third-Party Observational Learning. Infant Behavior and Development. 52:114-120.

Marcus N. Morrisey, Catherine L. Reed, Daniel N. McIntosh & M.D. Rutherford (2018). Brief Report: Attentional cueing to social interactions is not automatic in individuals with ASD. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. 48(9): pp. 3233-3243.

Olivia Jon, Jennifer A. Walsh, Miriam F.F. Benarroch, Trevor Wade, Corey Lipman, Emma Greenberg & M.D. Rutherford  (2017). Disambiguating auditory information causes priming, but not aftereffects, in the perception of ambiguous faces. Vision Research.

M.D. Rutherford  (2017). Developmental Psychology: An evolutionary perspective, 3rd edition. TopHat Media. ISBN: 978-1-77330-246-1.

Vivian Lee, Mariam Besada & M.D. Rutherford  (2017). Individual differences in emotional expression discrimination are associated with emotion label production in toddlers. European Journal of Developmental Psychology: 1 – 11.

M.D. Rutherford  (2016). Developmental Psychology: An evolutionary perspective. Lulu Publications.

M.D. Rutherford & Francys Subiaul  (2016). Children with autism spectrum disorders have an Exceptional Explanatory Drive. Autism 60 (6): 744-753.

Jennifer A. Walsh, Sarah E. Creighton & M.D. Rutherford  (2016). Emotion perception or social cognitive complexity: What drives face processing deficits in autism spectrum disorder? Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 42 (2): 615-623.

Jennifer A. Walsh, Mark D. Vida, Marcus N. Morrisey & M.D. Rutherford  (2015). Adults with autism spectrum disorder show evidence of figural aftereffects with male and female face. Vision Research 115: 104-112.

Vivian Lee, Jenna L. Cheal & M.D. Rutherford  (2015). Categorical Perception along the happy-angry and happy-sad continua in the first year of life. Infant Behaviour and Development 40: 95-102.

M.D. Rutherford, Jennifer A. Walsh & Vivian Lee  (2015). Infants developing with ASD show a unique developmental pattern of facial feature scanning. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 45(8):2618-23.

Jennifer A. Walsh, Daphne Maurer, Mark D. Vida, Gillian Rhodes, Linda Jeffery & M.D. Rutherford  (2015). Norm-based coding of facial identity in adults with autism spectrum disorder. Vision Research 108:33-40.

Jenna L.Cheal & M.D. Rutherford  (2014). Investigating the Category Boundaries of facial expressions: Effects of individual participant, model, and stability over time. Personality and Individual Differences 74:146-152.

Genevieve H. H. Tsui & M.D. Rutherford  (2014). Video Self-Modeling is an Effective intervention for an adult with autism. Case Reports in Neurological Medicine. 2014:1-6

Scott Robson, Vivian Lee, Valerie A. Kuhlmeier & M.D. Rutherford  (2014). Infants use contextual contingency to guide their interpretation of others’ goal-directed behavior. Cognitive Development. 31: 69-78

Jenna L.Cheal, Jennifer Heisz, Jennifer A. Walsh, Judith Shedden & M.D. Rutherford  (2014). Afterimage induced neural activiety during emotional face perception. Brain Research. 1549: 11-21

M.D. Rutherford  (2013). Social Attention is measurably and increasingly atypical across the first six months in the broader autism phenotype. Journal of Psychology & Psychotherapy. 3 (4): 1 – 7

Marla Anderson & M.D. Rutherford  (2013). Evidence of a Psychology for Nesting during human pregnancy. Evolution and Human Behavior. 34 (4): 390-397

Jennifer A. Walsh, Mark D. Vida & M.D. Rutherford  (2013). Strategies for perceiving facial expressions in adults with autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. 44 (5): 1018-26

Marcus N. Morrisey & M.D. Rutherford  (2013). Do hands attract attention? Cognition. 12 (5): 647-672

Rutherford, M.D. & Valerie A. Kuhlmeier (in press) Social Perception. MIT Press.

Rutherford, M.D. & Valerie A. Kuhlmeier (in press). The Perception and Understanding of Animacy, Agency, and Intention in M.D. Rutherford and Valerie A. Kuhlmeier (Eds.) Social Perception. MIT Press.

Rutherford, M.D. & Valerie A. Kuhlmeier (in press). The Perception of Animacy and Goals in M.D. Rutherford and Valerie A. Kuhlmeier (Eds.) Social Perception. MIT Press.

Rutherford, M.D.  (in press). Evidence for specialized perception of animate motion in M.D. Rutherford and Valerie A. Kuhlmeier (Eds.) Social Perception. MIT Press.

Mark D. Vida, Daphne Maurer, Andrew Calder, Gillian Rhodes, Jennifer A. Walsh, Mathhew V. Pachai, and M.D. Rutherford (2013). The Influences of Facial Expression and Face Inversion on Sensitivity to Eye Contact in High-functioning Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. 43 (11): 2536-2548

Masayoshi Nagai, Patrick Bennett, M.D. Rutherford, Carl. M. Gaspar, Kumada Takatsune & Allison B. Sekuler (2013). Comparing face processing strategies between typically-developed and observers with autism using sub-sampled-pixels presentation in response classification technique. Vision Research. 79: 27-35

Jenna L.Cheal & M.D. Rutherford  (2012). Context Dependent Categorical Perception of Surprise. Perception. 43 (3): 294-301

Marla V. Anderson & M.D. Rutherford (2012). Cognitive reorganization during pregnancy and the postpartum period: an evolutionary perspective. Evolutionary Psychology. 10 (4): 659-687

Rutherford, M.D., Erin Troubridge & Jennifer Walsh (2012) Visual Afterimages of Emotional Faces in High Functioning Autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. Volume 42, Issue 2, Page 221-229

Rutherford, M.D. & Maggie Przednowek (2012). Fathers show modifications of Infant-Directed Action similar to that of mothers. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology. 111 (3): 367-378.

Subiaul, F., Vonk, J., Rutherford, M.D., (2011). The Ghosts in the Computer:  The Role of Agency and Animacy Attributions in “Ghost Controls” PLOS One. 6(11): e26429. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0026429

Cheal, J. L., & Rutherford, M. D. (2011). Categorical perception of emotional facial expressions in preschoolers. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 110(3):434-43.

Rutherford, M.D. & Troje, N. (2011). IQ predicts biological motion perception in Autism Spectrum Disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. PMID: 21538172

Rutherford, M.D. (2011).Child Development: Perspectives in Developmental Psychology. Oxford University Press.

Anderson, Marla and Rutherford, M.D. (2011). Recognition of Novel Faces After Single Exposure is Enhanced During Pregnancy. Evolutionary Psychology. 9 (1):47-60.

Cheal, Jenna and Rutherford, M.D. (2010). Mapping emotion category boundaries using a Visual Expectation Paradigm. Perception, 39 (11): 1514 – 1525.

McAleer, P., Jim W. Kay, Pollick, F.E. Rutherford, M.D. (2010). Intention Perception in High Functioning People with Autism Spectrum Disorders Using Animacy Displays Derived from Human Actions. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. 41(8):1053-63.

Rutherford, M.D. (2010). On the Use and Misuse of the “Two Children” Brainteaser in Cognitive Science. Pragmatics and Cognition, 18(1): 165-174.

K.M. Krysko & M.D. Rutherford (2009). The face in the crowd effect:  Threat-detection advantage with perceptually intermediate distractors. Visual Cognition, 17 (8): 1205-1217.

Rutherford, M.D. and Darrien Ray, (2009). Cheater Detection is Preserved in Autism Spectrum Disorders. Journal of Social, Evolutionary and Cultural Psychology, 3 (2): 105- 117.

Kristen M. Krysko & Rutherford, M.D. (2009). A Threat-detection advantage in those with Autism Spectrum Disorders. Brain and Cognition. 69 (3): 472-480.

Rutherford, M.D. and Kristen M. Krysko (2008). Eye Direction, not Movement, Predicts Attention Shifts in those with Autism Spectrum Disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. 38 (10): 1958-1965.

Szego, P. A., & Rutherford, M.D. (2008) Reading-Related Habitual Eye Movements Produce a Directional Anisotropy in the Perception of Speed and Animacy. Perception, 37(10): 1609 – 1611.

Homer, M. and M.D. Rutherford. (2008) Individuals with autism can categorize facial expressions. Child Neuropsychology, 14 (5): 419-437.

Szego, P.A. and Rutherford, M.D. (2008). Dissociating the perception of speed and the perception of animacy: a functional approach. Evolution and Human Behaviour, 29 (5): 299-374.

Rutherford, M.D. and Ashley Towns, (2008). Scan Path differences and similarities during emotion perception in those with and without Autism Spectrum Disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 38 (7): 1371-1381.

Rutherford, M.D., Chattha, H.M. and Kristen M. Krysko (2008). The Use of Aftereffects in the Study of Relationships Among Emotion Categories. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 34 (1): 27-40.

Nishimura, M., Rutherford, M.D. and Maurer, D. (2007). Converging evidence of Configural processing of faces in High-Functioning Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders. Visual Cognition, 16 (7):859-891.

Rutherford, M.D, Eric D. Richards, Allison B. Sekuler and Vanessa Moldes, (2007). Evidence of Divided Attention Advantage in Autism. Cognitive Neuroscience, 24 (5):505-515.

Szego, P.A. and Rutherford, M.D. (2007). Actual and illusory differences in constant speed influence the perception of animacy similarly. Journal of Vision, 7 (12): 1-7.

Rutherford, M.D., Clements, K., and Sekuler, A.B. (2007). Differences in Discrimination of Eye and Mouth Displacement in Autism Spectrum Disorders. Vision Research, 47 (15): 2099-2110.

Rutherford, M.D. (2007). Beyond Nature and Nurture: A systems approach to autism. In Paul C. Carlisle (ed.). Progress in Autism Research. Nova Science Publishers.

Rutherford, M.D. (2007). Rituals are Rational for the Imperfect Experimentalist. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 29 (6) p.628 – 629.

Golan, O., Baron-Cohen, S. Hill, J. & Rutherford, M.D. (2007). The “Reading the mind in the Voice” test – Revised: A study of Complex Emotion Recognition in adults with and without Autism Spectrum conditions. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 37 (6): 1096-1106.

Rutherford, M.D., Young, G.S., Hepburn, S., & Rogers, S. (2007). A Longitudinal Study of Pretend Play in Autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 37 (6): 1024-39.

Scambler, D. J., Rogers, S.J., Rutherford, M.D., Wehner, E.A. (2007). Emotional Responsivity in Children with Autism, Children with Other Developmental Disabilities, and Children with Typical Development. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 37 (3):553-563.

Rutherford, M.D., & McIntosh, D. (2007). Rules versus Prototype Matching: Strategies of Perception of Emotional Facial Expressions in the Autism Spectrum. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 37 (2): 187-196.

Fiddick, L.& Rutherford, M.D. (2006). Looking for loss in all the wrong places: Loss-avoidance does not explain cheater-detection. Evolution and Human Behavior, vol. 27, pp. 417-432.

Rutherford, M.D. Pennington, B.F., & Rogers, S.J. (2006). The Perception of Animacy in Young Children with Autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 36: 893-992.

Rutherford, M.D. (2005). A Retrospective Journal-Based Case Study of the Development of a Child With Autism and His Twin. Neurocase, vol. 11(2) pp. 1-9.

Rutherford, M.D. (2004). The effect of social role on Theory of Mind reasoning. British Journal of Psychology, vol. 95 pp. 1-13.

Rutherford, M.D. & Rogers, S.J. (2003). The cognitive underpinnings of pretend play in autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, vol. 33(3) pp. 289-302.

Rutherford, M.D. (2002). Its adaptations all the way down. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, vol. 25 p. 526.

Rutherford, M.D., Baron-Cohen, S. & Wheelwright, S. (2002). Reading the mind in the voice: A study with normal adults and adults with Asperger Syndrome and high functioning autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, vol.32 (3) pp. 189-194.

Rutherford, M.D. & Brainard, D.H. (2002). Lightness constancy: A direct test of the illumination estimation hypothesis. Psychological Science, vol 13, No. 2, pp. 142-149.

Baron-Cohen, S., Wheelwright, S., Stone, V., & Rutherford, M. (1999). A mathematician, a physicist, and a computer scientist with Asperger Syndrome: Performance on folk psychology and folk physics tests. Neurocase, vol 5, pp.475-483.

Manuscripts Under Review or Revision

Vinicius Betzel Koehler, Catherine Thompson & M.D. Rutherford (in revision). Unpredictability in US counties predict early reproduction 10 years later. Current Research in Ecological and Social Psychology.

Maheen Shakil, & M.D. Rutherford (under review). Christian face representations are rated more positively than Muslim face representations. Religion, Brain and Behavior.

Maheen Shakil, & M.D. Rutherford (under review). Religious labels and food preferences, but not country of origin, support opposing aftereffects. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.

Xiaomei Zhou, Hasan Siddiqui & M.D. Rutherford (under review). Face perception and social cognitive development in early autism: A prospective longitudinal study from 3 months to 7 years of age. Child Development.

Manuscripts in Preparation

Maheen Shakil, Hasan Siddiqui & M.D. Rutherford (in prep). Picture a Scientist.