The Pruitt Lab's research explores the ecological consequences of individual variation in behavior for individuals, populations, and communities. We use a variety of invertebrate models, especially social spiders, to address these topics. More deeply, our research considers the role of individual variation in structuring patterns of task allocation within societies and how these patterns impact the long-term performance of groups in contrasting environments. In non-social systems, we consider how variation in behavior impacts species interactions within and across trophic levels. These studies have been conducted in a variety of both terrestrial and marine systems.